Remembering Jacqueline Du Pre-The Kol Nidre’s Hypnotic Power On Jacqueline du Pre-26 January 1945 –October 12 1987

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The Kol Nidre has exercised a powerful religious and musical influence over the centuries. One of the adjectives most commonly used to describe the Kol Nidre – the opening prayer recited on the eve of Yom Kippur – is “haunting”.

It greatly influenced the great cellist Jacqueline Du Pre is said to have asked that her recording of Kol Nidre be played by her bedside as she lay dying.

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For me personally this Yom Kippur, I remembered and heard her peice of the Kol Nidre that she played when she was only 16 years old , also heard many other eminent Cantors, Violinist, Cellist, from different traditions, but still Du Pre’s Kol Nidre stands out, for me.

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Her first recording of the Kol Nidre-recorded in the 60’s

She knew music, and she knew her urgent need: to hear the haunting strains of this mysterious, magical melody, leading into a personal and communal song of remembrance and of promise Jacqueline Mary du Pré (“Jackie” to her family and friends) became known as an eminent cellist in August 1965, when she made her famous recording of Elgar’s Cello Concerto in e minor with the London Symphony Orchestra conducted by Sir John Barbirolli. Later described as one of “the greatest recordings of the century,” this was a breakthrough in her career. Although her repertoire was varied and impressive, she won an unsurpassed reputation as a great cellist particularly in this concerto, which meant so much to her and which she performed countless times during the years, always fully committed.

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With her husband Conductor Daniel Barenboim

Her account of the Elgar concerto gave it a powerful modern twist and her expressive interpretation was a revelation for many. (A second commercial recording of the Elgar concerto with du Pré as soloist was taken from a live performance in Philadelphia in November 1970, conducted by Daniel Barenboim, then already her husband.)

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Jacqueline Du Pre photo by Baron Studios, 5 x 4 inch film negative, 27 May 1960

Du Pré was born in Oxford, on January 26, 1945, the youngest daughter of Derek and Iris, in whose middle class family music was part of daily life. She had a sister, Hilary, and a brother, Piers. Her father’s family came from the Channel Islands and this is the origin of the French name. Her mother was a fine pianist and a gifted teacher. The first time Jacqueline actually grasped a cello to play was when she was four years old, starting with lessons from her mother. At the age of six she began receiving lessons at the London Cello School. When she was ten years old she won first prize (the Suggia Gift Award), at an international competition. This enabled her to further her studies under William Pleeth at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama in London. From the age of fourteen to fifteen she studied with world-famous cellists Pablo Casals in Switzerland, Paul Tortelier in Paris and Mstislav Rostropovich in Russia—all of whom praised her talent.

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Picture of Jacqueline Du Pre and her teacher Mstislav Rostropovich

Her début as a cellist at the Wigmore Hall, London, on March 1, 1961, received highly favorable reviews. She soon became one of the most outstanding and beloved cellists in the world. Modest, sincere and in full command of her instrument, she played in an expressive and emotional manner, as well as with precision and clarity of tone, from 1964 using a Stradivarius cello which an anonymous admirer had given her. At Christmas 1966 she met the Israeli pianist and conductor Daniel Barenboim. Her love affair and professional cooperation with Barenboim and her friendship with musicians such as Itzhak Perlman, Pinchas Zukerman and Zubin Mehta led to the film by Christopher Nupen of their performance of Schubert’s “Trout” Piano Quintet (1969).

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With her husband Conductor Daniel Barenboim

Du Pré and Daniel Barenboim visited Israel in summer 1967, giving concerts and recitals before, during and after the Six- Day War. Their Jewish wedding ceremony, followed by an official celebration, took place in July 1967. Before the marriage, which aroused much public interest and enthusiasm in Israel, she converted to Judaism. All this seemed to her quite natural and easy and not at all problematic.

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As she said in a conversation with William Wordsworth, editor of the book Jacqueline du Pré: Impressions (London, 1983): “I think the thing that made it so easy for me is that the Jewish religion is perhaps the most abstract. Since I was a child I had always wanted to be Jewish, not in any definite way, because, of course, I didn’t understand anything about it. Possibly it may somehow have been to do with the fact that so many musicians are Jewish.

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In a BBC Television and Radio broadcast [on New Year’s Eve 1981 she said: “Daniel and I wanted our children brought up in the Jewish faith. But we have no children. I am sometimes asked if religion has helped me and I always reply: To be quite honest, not as much as music, because for me the Judaism is almost bound up in the music. I just cannot separate them or indicate their boundaries.

Its in this statement of her’s, that I get my answer as to why her Kol Nidre-Stands Out!

In the middle of her successful international career the sound of du Pré’s cello suddenly started its irreversible decline. She began to lose sensitivity in her fingers and had to cancel performances and engagements. After a number of checkups, the final diagnosis, in October 1973, was multiple sclerosis. This was a real tragedy. Later on, during years of struggling against the illness, she gave master classes, lessons and courses while sitting in a wheelchair. But she was no longer able to play.

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Jacqueline Du Pre in her wheel chair with her husband Daniel Barenboim by her side

Barenboim assisted her in a wonderful way, despite his many obligations and performances. Before her cello became silent, she fortunately managed to record some of the best works for cello—both concertos and sonatas, which are still available.

Blessed with a genuine gift of optimism and hope, du Pré often described herself as a lucky person, despite her tragic situation. On October 19, 1987, at the age of forty-two, she died at her home in London and was buried in the Jewish cemetery in Golders Green. Many famous musicians and old friends attended the funeral. Barenboim recited the kaddish and Rabbi Albert Friedlander read Psalm 23 in Hebrew.

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Jacqueline Du Pre grave stone  in the Jewish cemetery in Golders Green UK

A Jacqueline du Pré Research Fund for Multiple Sclerosis was founded in the United States, Great Britain, Canada and Austria. Remembered as one of the greatest and most humane cellists ever, du Pré was awarded numerous honors, including the Order of the British Empire (1976) and honorary degrees from the universities of London, Leeds, Durham, Oxford and others.

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In 2004, Barenboim donated one of du Pré’s valuable instruments to a talented young Israeli cellist, Amichai Grosz, a member of the Jerusalem Quartet.

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Israeli cellist, Amichai Grosz

For me, Music is a companion whom you carry with you, as long as you live and stays with you as a part of life, even after your death, just like Images, that is why Music and Images combined together conveys a feeling which has to be felt and experienced.

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Will continue to write on Jacqueline Du Pre music specially the Kol Nidre, and film maker Christopher Nupen who was a close personal friend up until her death. His films capture her vitality and exuberantly physical playing. And how I decided to again connect myself as a film maker, to playing music again after I stopped playing the guitar and rekindled my passion to play  the guitar, along with  picking up the Erhu-A two string Chinese violin, again connected to the Kol Nidre, after hearing Patty Chan play the Kol Nidre.

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Aramaic Text of the Kol Nidre in the Mazhor-Jewish High Holidays Prayer Book

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Patty Chan on the Erhu on the Kol Nidre Project

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The Erhu Master player George Gao one of favourite Erhu players, apart from Patty Chan

 Jacqueline Du Pre recording of the Kol Nidre

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